The town is formerly a barrio of the municipality of Polilio, Quezon, its mother town, by the mountain ranges, commonly called Malulod Mountain, ranging from the north to the south, thus serving as the boundary between the municipalities of Polilio, Panukulan and Burdeos, Quezon province. Mountain slopes are not too steep. The highest among the mountain in this municipality is only about 250 to 300 feet above sea level. Bordering the north of this town is the Pacific Ocean, on the east is Bordeos Bay, in the south is the municipality of Polillo, Quezon, and on the west is the municipality of Panukulan Quezon. Few of the big rivers are Anibawan River at Barangay at Anibawan, the source of which reaches the boundary of Polillo and Burdeos;Burdeos River, which almost surrounds the Poblacion, Balubac River at Barangay Bonifacio and that of San Rafael, all within the territorial jurisdiction of this municipality.
According to History:
Originally, the inhabitants called Burdeos as VISTA. When the first Priest came to Vista to hold the first mass, the Priest called it by another name – BORDEOX. From then on Vista was named and called BURDEOS instead. Burdeos progressed and become one of the barrios of the Municipality of Polillo. Before World War II, Mr. Melanio Foliente, then a Municipal Councilor of Polillo attempted to make Burdeos a separate municipality, but failed, together with the second attempt of Mr. Raymundo Felomino, another councilor of Polillo. On May 1984 a conference attended by Messrs. Melanio Foliente, Aquilino Morga, Dalmacio Durante, Cornelio Foliente, Valeria Rudio, Cerilo Avenilla and Raymundo Felomina was held at the farm house of Cornelio Foliente, at Sitio Amot, to discuss the successful establishments of a separate Municipality of Burdeos. As a result of the conference a delegation of four, consisting of Aquilino Morga, Pacifio Foliente, Valeriano Rudio and Simon Mercado, were requested to negotiate the matter with Congressman Fortunato Suarez of the First District of Quezon. A requested bill was introduced by Congressman Suarez and Republic Act No. 250 was subsequently enacted creating the new municipality of Burdeos. July 1, 1948 marked the organization and functioning of the first local government of Burdeos with Mr. Raymundo Felomino as its first appointed Mayor.
According to Legend:
The name "Bordeous" according to legend came from the word "Bor" name of a lover of a maiden in the place. But the girl´s father was against the lover "Bor" and one day shot him to death while he (Bor) and the daughter were near the bank of a river. Bor fell dead into the water and carried away to the sea by the current. The girl in grief and desperation shouted" BOR DIYOS KO PO." A passer-by heard the lament of the girl and thought that the name of the place was "Bordeous." Since then the place was known as "Bordeous." The patron saint of the place is San Rafael thought to have miraculous healing power.